Kinderstoeltjes langer achterstevoren

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Kinderstoeltjes langer achterstevoren

Berichtdoor EFR-ekke » 27 maart 2011, 16:31

Bron: USA Today
Children should ride in rear-facing car seats until age 2
By Liz Szabo, USA TODAY

New advice from the nation's pediatricians doubles the recommended time that babies and toddlers should ride in rear-facing car seats.

Previous recommendations said parents could switch babies to forward-facing seats at 12 months old or 20 pounds. Switching to a forward-facing seat on a child's first birthday was a common rite of passage.

But new recommendations from the American Academy of Pediatrics say babies and toddlers should ride in rear-facing car seats until at least age 2 — even longer if the child is small enough.

The pediatrics group is changing its recommendation because research shows children under 2 are 75% less likely to die or be severely injured in a crash if they're in rear-facing car seats, according to the policy statement, published today in the journal Pediatrics.

Car accidents are the leading cause of death in children over age 4; about 1,500 kids under 16 die in car crashes each year, the statement says. In Sweden, many children ride in rear-facing car seats until age 4.

Rear-facing seats do a better job of supporting the head, neck and spine in an accident, because they distribute the force of the collision over the entire body, says study author Dennis Durbin, a pediatrician at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Center for Injury Research and Prevention.

That's especially true in frontal crashes, which make up the bulk of car accidents, says pediatrician Gary Smith of Nationwide Children's Hospital in Cincinnati, who wasn't involved in developing the new policy.

Guidelines for older kids

The American Academy of Pediatrics' recommendations also clarify car-seat guidelines for older children:

• Kids who are too big for rear-facing seats still need to use forward-facing car seats until age 4.

• Kids up to age 8 need booster seats, which make sure that seat belts, typically designed for adults, fit properly on kids' smaller bodies.

• Children who outgrow booster seats should use lap-and-shoulder seat belts.

• All children under age 13 should ride in the back seat.

The new guidelines are "a fantastic step," says Jennifer Hoekstra, who coordinates a child safety program at Helen DeVos Children's Hospital in Grand Rapids, Mich.

Hoekstra says parents of toddlers under age 2 who already are using forward-facing seats shouldn't panic, because forward-facing seats still provide good protection.

"If you are using your forward-facing car seat correctly, your child is safe," Hoekstra says. But 73% of car seats are installed incorrectly, according to a 2005 study in the journal Accident Analysis and Prevention.
Parents won't necessarily have to buy new car seats, which range in price from about $40 to more than $300, says Alan Fields, co-author of Baby Bargains, which rates baby products.

Thirty of the 35 convertible car seats now on the market can accommodate a 2-year-old, even up to 35 pounds, which is at the top of the weight range for that age, the study says.

Owners of convertible car seats may be able to follow the new advice simply by turning the seats around, so that kids face the back, Fields says.

Yet some of the greatest objections may come from toddlers themselves, Fields says.

An 18-month-old, newly allowed to face front, may not agree to turn back around — at least without a lot of crying — especially if the child has an older sibling who is allowed to face front, Fields says.

"If you've already turned them around, and now you try to turn them back, that's not going to be pretty."

Had mijn Volvo jaren geleden al achterstevoren-kinderzitjes, werd ik steevast voor achterlijk versleten.... Hebben al die jaren onderzoek toch nog iets zinnigs opgeleverd. Dat is al een beter resultaat dan bij de discussie tussen VHS en Betamax ;-)
"No I am not scared. And neither should you be!" (M.S.S.)

De mening van de poster is en blijft altijd de persoonlijke mening van de poster en niet van de duikclub, recovery-team, Rode Kruis of ambulance-dienst of opleidingsinstituut.
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